维州费郡卫生局关于新冠病毒给社区民众的一封信

我们知道,由新冠病毒(COVID-2019) 引起的呼吸道疾病爆发正在扩大并使得华裔美国家庭特别担忧。对于不断发展的形势,你或许与其他的美国家庭有不同的看法,因为您或您认识的人最近去过中国,或者您接待了从中国来的家庭或朋友过春节。

有关新冠病毒我们还有很多未知。对于一些新的或未知的东西,我们感到害怕是自然的。中国大陆新冠病例持续增加值得我们关注,但新冠病毒给大多数美国居民带来的直接风险仍然很低。公共卫生系统正在采取多层次措施防止病毒在社区的传播,更进一步措施,包括强制隔离最近去过武汉的返美人士,以及自我隔离去过中国其它地区的人士。

卫生署每天都在幕后工作,以保护社区免受各种传染疾病的危害。运用公共卫生措施,譬如筛查人员病情,隔离病人,以及调查病情发生情况来限制例如麻疹,肺结核和脑膜炎等传染病的传播。虽然新冠病毒是新病毒,但我们正在使用这些经过测试的公共卫生措施来控制这一病毒。

目前,费郡没有新冠病毒的病例。如果有一人感染新冠病毒,卫生署将确保患者与外界隔离并且远离他人,同时排查任何与患者有密切接触的人,并且监测那些密切接触者的患病症状。

我们需要您的帮助来预防新冠病毒在美国的传播。如果您过去 14 天去过中国并且发烧,咳嗽,呼吸困难,请务必就医。请在去急诊室或医生办公室之前先打电话告知您最近的旅行情况和发病症状。如果您最近 14 天没有去过中国,您患新冠病毒的风险比较低,您的呼吸道疾病很有可能来自于每年冬天在美国传播的常见病毒,例如流感。为了保护自己和他人的健康,我们提出以下建议:

  • 生病时请避免与他人接触,生病时请勿旅行。
  • 当您咳嗽或打喷嚏时,请用纸巾或衣袖而不是用手挡住口鼻。
  • 咳嗽,打喷嚏或者擤鼻涕之后请立即用肥皂和水洗手。如果没有水,可以用酒精类洗手液洗手,酒精含量至少60%。
  • 避免用未洗的手触摸您的眼睛,鼻子和嘴。

一些人没有生病却认为需要带口罩保护自己。虽然这样做无害,但是没有证据表明戴口罩会保护您免受病毒性呼吸道疾病的侵害。勤洗手,用纸巾挡住咳嗽和喷嚏会更好地保证您和他人的健康。

请花一点时间访问我们的网站 www.fairfaxcounty.gov/health/novel-coronavirus 当我们有重要的信 息与您分享时,我们将会定期更新。

您可以提供帮助的另一个方式就是请您的家人和朋友阅读这篇文章。大家一起来维护我们社区的健康和安全。

 

We know the expanding outbreak of respiratory disease caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID2019) is especially worrisome to Chinese-American families. You may have a different view of this evolving situation than other Americans because you, or someone you know, have recently traveled to China or welcomed family or friends from China to your home for the Lunar New Year.

 

There is a lot we don’t yet know about this virus and it is natural to be fearful of things that are new and unknown. The number of cases in China continues to grow and that is concerning. However, the immediate risk to most Americans remains low. The public health system is taking a multi-layered approach to keep the virus from spreading in the community, including aggressive actions such as mandatory quarantine of those who have recently traveled to Hubei province and self-quarantine of travelers from elsewhere in China.

 

Every day the Health Department works behind the scenes to protect the community from all kinds of infectious diseases. Public health measures like screening people for illness, keeping those who are ill away from others, and investigating cases when they occur are used to limit the spread of infections such as measles, tuberculosis or meningitis. While the novel coronavirus is new, we are using these tested public health practices to keep it contained.

 

There have been no cases of coronavirus in Fairfax County. If a person does become sick with the novel coronavirus in Fairfax County, the Health Department will ensure the patient is isolated and away from others, identify anyone who may be at risk from being in close contact with this patient, and then monitor those close contacts for symptoms of the disease.

 

We need your help in preventing this novel coronavirus from spreading in the United States. If you were in China in the last 14 days and feel sick with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, it’s important that you seek medical care. Call ahead before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room and tell them about your recent travel and your symptoms. If you have not been in China in the last 14 days, your risk of coronavirus infection is low and any respiratory symptoms are most likely from common viruses that spread in the U.S. each winter such as flu. To protect yourself and others from becoming ill, we recommend that you:

 

  • Avoid contact with others and do not travel while sick.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose. If soap and water are not readily available, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands.

 

Some people who aren’t feeling sick may think they need to wear a mask to protect themselves. While this is not harmful, there is not good evidence that this will protect you from viral respiratory disease. Washing your hands frequently and covering your coughs and sneezes with a tissue will do more to keep you and others healthy.

 

Please also take a moment to visit our website, www.fairfaxcounty.gov/health/novel-coronavirus. We will post regular updates when there is important information to share with you. And there is one more thing you can do to help. Ask your family and friends to read this article too. Together, we can keep our community healthy and safe.

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